The World Wide Fund for Nature (WWF) has vowed to “do more” after an internal investigation prompted by human rights abuse reports.
The probe comes after a series of articles published last year by BuzzFeed News.
These accused the WWF of funding and working with anti-poaching guards who allegedly tortured and killed people in national parks in Asia and Africa.
“We feel deep and unreserved sorrow for those who have suffered,” the WWF said.
A 160-page report released on Tuesday (November 24) said the charity “should have been more transparent” and needed to “more firmly engage governments to uphold human rights”.
But some accused the WWF of a “lack of contrition” after the report’s publication, and have demanded apologies and a change in how the charity is run.
What are the accusations?
Last March, BuzzFeed published a series of articles accusing the WWF of funding “vicious paramilitary forces to fight poaching”.
Indigenous people and villagers had been shot, beaten unconscious, sexually assaulted, and whipped by armed guards in parks in places like Nepal and Cameroon, the news site said.
The conservation charity funds, equips and works with these guards, the report said, accusing some staff of turning a blind eye to abuses.
BuzzFeed said it carried out a year-long investigation in six countries, based on more than 100 interviews and thousands of pages of documents, including confidential memos, internal budgets, and emails discussing weapons purchases.
After the publication of the Buzzfeed report, the WWF commissioned an independent review into the allegations, vowing to complete it as soon as possible.
Former UN High Commissioner for Human Rights, Navi Pillay led the panel of independent experts.
What does the report say?
The panel said there was no evidence the WWF staff directed or took part in any of these alleged abuses, and that those accused of abuses were employed by local governments and not by the conservation group.
But the report criticised the WWF’s response to allegations of abuses, particularly in terms of how it worked with local governments and how it handled complaints.
For instance, it highlighted the WWF’s work in the Democratic Republic of Congo in Salonga National Park.
WWF staff were “aware of the potential for human rights abuses by ecoguards”, the report said, but did not “develop an effective plan to prevent and respond to abuses.”
When WWF staff reported allegations of human rights abuses to senior WWF officials in the DRC in 2016, a decision by senior management in the country to investigate the allegations was never implemented, “apparently out of concern” of resistance from a state conservation group.
“A desire to avoid conflicts with the government cannot excuse WWF from complying with its responsibility to respect human rights,” the report said.
Another section examines Kaziranga National Park in India. In 2017, the BBC reported that authorities there were given the power to shoot suspected poachers dead in a bid to protect the wildlife.
One campaigner told the BBC that major animal conservation groups, including the WWF, turned a blind eye to the park’s activities.
Addressing the BBC article, the report says “the actions of WWF India cannot be seen as supportive of a ‘shoot on sight’ policy”, saying they only learnt of many of the allegations from news reports and that WWF India’s support for the State Forest Departments there has been “measured and appropriate”.
Until the last few years, the panel said, “there was no consistent and unified effort… to address complaints about human rights abuses allegedly committed by ecoguards in the Congo Basin and rangers in Nepal and India.”
It said the group’s own “diverse and complex structure”, with local and national organisations acting under the umbrella of the WWF, had “further complicated” how abuse reports had been handled.
The panel recommended the WWF implement its own policies on human rights protections more rigorously and increase its efforts to be transparent.
Reported abuses by government rangers against communities horrify us and go against all the values for which we stand,” a WWF statement published with the report says. “We can and will do more.”
The conservation group has also released a Management Response report on how it will implement the panel’s recommendations, and has promised to “regularly and transparently assess our progress” starting next year.
What’s been the reaction?
Other conservation groups however have criticised the WWF’s response and demanded change.
Rainforest Foundation UK accused the WWF of a “lack of contrition” over the independent review.
Despite the panel’s “damning findings”, the conservation group “fails to take responsibility for its shortcomings or issue a sincere apology to the many individuals who have suffered human rights abuses carried out in their name”, it said.
It demands that WWF’s executives be held accountable for the organisation’s “consistent failure to prevent, detect and remedy abuses across its programmes”.
A joint statement signed by Rainforest Foundation UK and a number of other groups – including the Forest People’s Programme – points to the panel review’s “most serious findings” in Salonga National Park in the Democratic Republic of Congo.
“We urge WWF to implement the report’s recommendations in full, commission an investigation into the full extent of human rights abuses in its programmes, apologise unreservedly to survivors of abuse carried out in their name, and provide remedies to those affected where appropriate,” the joint statement says. – BBC